Gone are the days, when we have to choose from either cotton or silk for the construction of the new garment. As the time progress, we have been introduced to synthetic fabrics such as nylon, polyester, spandex, rayon, acetate, spandex. These fabrics are made by joining monomers into polymers, through a process called Polymerization.
Apart from these fabrics, we have a some more new entrants into market . Some of them are:
This has been discovered in Philippines. Pina is a Spanish word which means pineapple. The pineapple leaf has to be cut first from the plant. Then the fiber is pulled or split away from the leaf. Each strand of the piña fiber is hand scraped and is knotted one by one to form a continuous filament to be hand-woven and then made into a cloth. Hence the name “PINATEX“.
Plastic PET containers are sorted by type and color. They are stripped of their labels and caps, washed, and crushed, then chopped into flake. These tiny pieces are melted and extruded to create fiber. The fiber produced is crimped, cut, drawn and stretched into desired length for strength, then baled. The baled fiber can be processed into fabric for a variety of textile product end uses. It can go into any textile product such as clothing, blankets, carpets, wall coverings, auto interiors, home furnishings, and craft felt. Eco-fi can also be blended with other fibers, such as cotton or wool, for enhanced qualities.